History of Kwara State, Nigeria

Filed in HISTORY by on February 11, 2019 0 Comments

About Kwara State, Nigeria

Kwara (Yoruba: Ìpínlẹ̀ Kwárà) is a state in Western Nigeria. Its capital is Ilorin. Kwara is located within the North Central geopolitical zone, commonly referred to as the Middle Belt. The primary ethnic group is Yoruba, with significant Nupe, Bariba, and Fulaniminorities.

History

Kwara State is one of the 36 states that make up the Federal Republic of Nigeria, Africa’s most populous country. Kwara State shares her boundaries with the Republic of Benin at her West and the Niger River at her North.

The capital city of Kwara State, Ilorin, is situated 306km inland from the coastal city of Lagos and 500km from the federal capital, Abuja. Major towns include Ilorin, Offa, and Jebba, located on the Niger River. Other towns include Patigi, Erin-lIe, lIoffa, Adeleke Igbewere, Ejidongari, Osi, Lafiagi, Gure, Afon, Kaiama, Isanlu-lsin, Omu-Aran, Egbejila, lIota, Iponrin and Igbaja.

Related Post: Ilorin International Airport and Location

Kwara State was created in May 1967, as one of the first of 12 states to replace the nation’s four regions. Originally the state was known as West Central State but the name was changed to Kwara, a local name for the Niger River. The size of the state has been reduced over the years, as new states have been created within the federation. The total landmass of Kwara State today is 32 500 square kilometers.

Kwara State is known as ‘The State of Harmony’ on account of the peaceful relations that exist among its multicultural and diverse population of about 2.5 million people. Followers of the three great religious faiths to be found in Nigeria, Islam, Christianity and traditional, coexist within the state.

Facts and Figures

Capital:                          Ilorin

Area:                             36,825 km

Population:                     2,591,555 (2005 est.)

Major Languages:            Yoruba, Ebira, Nupe, and Hausa.

Governor:                       Abdulfatah Ahmed (APC)

Date Created:                  27th May 1967

Population Rank:             Ranked 31st

Population

As of 2006, the population of Kwarans was 2.37 million based on the Nigeria 2006 Census. This population size constitutes about 1.69% of the Nation’s total population having relied upon immigration for population growth and socioeconomic development.

Residents of the state are sometimes referred to as Kwarans.

Local Government Areas

Kwara State consists of sixteen Local Government Areas. They are:

  • Asa
  • Baruten
  • Edu
  • Ekiti
  • Ifelodun
  • Ilorin East
  • Ilorin South
  • Ilorin West
  • Irepodun
  • Isin
  • Kaiama
  • Moro
  • Offa
  • Oke Ero
  • Oyun
  • Pategi

Tourism

Drummers in Ijomu Oro village, Kwara State.

Important tourist attractions in Kwara State include Esie Museum, Owu waterfalls, Imoleboja Rock Shelter, Ogunjokoro, Kainji Lake National Parks and Agbonna Hill Awon Mass Wedding in Shao. There is also Sobi Hill amongst others which is the largest landform in Ilorin, the state capital.

Transport

The Nigerian Railway Corporation extends services from Lagos through the state to the northern part of the country. The Ilorin Airport is a major center for both domestic and international flights and has now been built up into a hub for transportation of cargoes.

Economy

Agriculture is the main source of the economy and the principal cash crops are: cotton, cocoa, coffee, Kolanut, tobacco, beniseed and palm produce.

Mineral resources in the state are Gold, limestone, marble, feldspar, clay, kaolin, quartz and granite rocks.

Industry

Industries in the state include Dangote Flour Mill, Lubcon Lubricant Company, Kam Industries Nigeria Ltd, Tuyil Pharmacy Nig Ltd, Padson Industries NiG Ltd, Kwara Breweries, Ijagbo Global Soap and Detergent Industry, United Match Company, Tate and Lyle Company, Resinoplast Plastic Industry, Phamatech Nigeria Limited, Kwara Textile and Kwara Furniture Company all in Ilorin. Others are Paper Manufacturing Industry, Jebba, Okin Foam and Okin Biscuits, Offa, Kay Plastic, Ganmo and Kwara Paper Converters Limited, Erin-ile. Others are Sugar Producing Company, Bacita, Kwara animal Feed Mall, Ilorin and the Agricultural Products Company.

Education

Image result for Kwara State Education

Kwara has a federal university, the University of Ilorin, a state university, Kwara State University, two polytechnics, Kwara State Polytechnic and Federal Polytechnic Offa, three colleges: the college of education, Ilorin, school of Health technology, Offa and college of Nursing, Ilorin. It is also home to three Private universities; Landmark University, Omu-Aran, Crown Hill University, Eiye N’korin, Al-Hikmah University, Ilorin and Summit University, Offa. There is also a navy school and aviation college.

Schools include Emmanuel Baptist College in Ilorin.

Sports

Image result for Kwara State Sports

Sporting activities are managed by the State Sports Council. The importance attached to sports led to the construction of a stadium complex. The facilities available at the stadium complex are mainbowl, indoor sports hall, hostel, recreational press center as well as an Olympic size swimming pool. The state is actively represented both in football and basketball. The state is the home to the Kwara United Football Club and Kwara Falcons Basketball Club

Notable People from Kwara State

  • Abubakar Olusola Saraki, politician
  • Abdulfatah Ahmed, banker and politician
  • Adamu Atta, politician
  • Sarah Alade,Former CBN governor
  • Adebayo Salami, actor and producer
  • Ahmed Mohammed Inuwa, politician
  • Bukola Saraki, politician
  • Bola Shagaya, Oil Magnate
  • Cornelius Adebayo, politician
  • David Bamigboye, soldier
  • David Oyedepo, cleric
  • Gbemisola Ruqayyah Saraki, politician
  • Ibrahim Gambari, diplomat
  • Joseph Ayo Babalola, cleric
  • Kemi Adesoye, screenwriter
  • Kunle Afolayan, actor and film director
  • Lágbájá, musician
  • Lai Mohammed, lawyer and politician
  • Mohammed Lawal, naval officer
  • Mohammed Shaaba Lafiagi, politician
  • Mustapha Akanbi, lawyer
  • Ola Ibrahim, naval officer
  • Rashidi Yekini, soccer player
  • Salaudeen Latinwo, soldier
  • Salihu Modibbo Alfa Belgore, former Chief Justice
  • Simon Ajibola, politician
  • Theophilus Bamigboye, soldier and politician
  • Tunde Adebimpe, musician
  • Tunde Idiagbon, soldier
  • Wasiu Alabi Pasuma, musician

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