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The History of Bayelsa State, Nigeria



History Of Bayelsa State: Full Geographical Map, Culture & Belief…


History Of Bayelsa State…History Of Bayelsa State Full Geographical Map, Culture & Belief | Local Government historical Background,Population and languages. ” Best Review”



Overview of Bayelsa State

Bayelsa is a state in southern Nigeria in the core Niger Delta region, between Delta State and Rivers State. Its capital is Yenagoa. The main language spoken is Ijaw with dialects such as Kolukuma, Mein, Bomu, Nembe, Epie-Atisa, and Ogbia. Like the rest of Nigeria, English is the official language. The state was formed in 1996 from part of Rivers State and is thus one of the newest states of the Nigerian federation


      Overview of Bayelsa State


History Of Bayelsa State Full Geographical Map, Culture & Belief | Local Government historical Background,Population and languages.

History Of Bayelsa State

Between 1941 and 1956, many nationalist movements were formed mainly to establish ljaw political sovereignty. They pressed the issue of separate political sovereignty before the Willink Commission 1958. In order to allay the fears of the ethnic minorities, the Willink Commission recommended the establishment of the Niger Delta Development Board (NDDB) to tackle the problems of underdevelopment of the area, environmental neglect and political domination. Despite the establishment of the Board, the agitation for state creation, based on the above stated problems, continued until the military wrested political power and control of Nigeria from civilians on 15th January 1966.

In February 1966, Isaac Boro, an ljaw man from Kaiama town in Bayelsa State, with Sam Owonaro, Nottingham Dick and thousands of their supporters unilaterally proclaimed a “Niger Delta Peoples Republic.” But the Federal Government brought the rebellion to a sudden end. On May 27, 1967, the then Rivers State (which was made up the present Rivers and Bayelsa States) was created.

Bayelsa State was created on October 1, 1996 out of the old Rivers State. The name, Bayelsa, is an acronym of three former Local Government areas – Brass, Yenagoa and Sagbama – in the then Rivers State, which had earlier on comprised the entire area now constituting Bayelsa State. The then Brass LGA is what makes up the present Nembe, Brass and Ogbia Local Government Areas; the then Yenagoa LGA consist of the present Yenagoa, Kolokuma/Opokuma and Southern Ijaw Local Government Areas and the then Sagbama LGA is what makes up the present Sagbama and Ekeremor Local Government Areas.

According to the 1952 Census Report, the ljaws of the Niger Delta region have been recognised as one of the ten major ethnic groups with a population of 0.9 million. During the colonial administration, a separate province was created for them. The amalgamation of Southern and Northern Protectorates in 1914 triggered the fear among minority ethnic groups of political domination; hence their agitation for a distinct state comprising the old Brass, Degema and Western ljaw Divisions, under the umbrella of ljaw National Group, started in earnest. During the colonial period, Britain signed many treaties of protection with the chiefs of many coastal communities, especially the ljaws, with the hope that at Nigeria’s independence in 1960, a nation state would be created for them.

The tradition in the old Rivers State, which is still the norm in Bayelsa State now, is the use of acronyms for local government areas. People referred to Brass Local Government Area as BALGA, for short; Yenagoa was simply YELGA, while Sagbama was SALGA. Since personalities from BALGA, YELGA, and SALGA made up the State Creation Movement prior to the 1996 exercise, the proposed name agreed upon was BAYELSA.


Bayelsa State Full Geographical Map

Below is Bayelsa State  Map Which comprises of Different Local Government Areas of the state:


                    Bayelsa State Full Geographical Map


Bayelsa State Local Government Areas 

Bayelsa State consists of eight local government areas:


Bayelsa State cultural practices

Although the Ijaw are now primarily Christians (65% profess to be), with Roman Catholicism, Anglicanism and Pentecostal being the varieties of Christianity most prevalent among them, they also have elaborate traditional religious practices of their own. Veneration of ancestors plays a central role in Ijaw traditional religion, while water spirits, known as Owuamapu figure prominently in the Ijaw pantheon. In addition, the Ijaw practice a form of divination called Igbadai, in which recently deceased individuals are interrogated on the causes of their death. Ijaw religious beliefs hold that water spirits are like humans in having personal strengths and shortcomings, and that humans dwell among the water spirits before being born. The role of prayer in the traditional Ijaw system of belief is to maintain the living in the good graces of the water spirits among whom they dwelt before being born into this world, and each year the Ijaw hold celebrations in honor the spirits lasting for several days. Central to the festivities is the role of masquerades, in which men wearing elaborate outfits and carved masks dance to the beat of drums and manifest the influence of the water spirits through the quality and intensity of their dancing. Particularly spectacular masqueraders are taken to actually be in the possession of the particular spirits on whose behalf they are dancing.

The Ijaw are also known to practice ritual acculturation (enculturation), whereby an individual from a different, unrelated group undergoes rites to become Ijaw. An example of this is Jaja of Opobo, the Igbo slave who rose to become a powerful Ibani (Bonny) chief in the 19th century.

There are also a small number of Converts to Islam the most notable being the founder of the Delta People Volunteer Force, Mujahid Dokubo-Asari. Jeremiah Omoto Fufeyin comes from the Ijaw ethnic group.


Bayelsa State languages

The Ijaw speak nine closely related Niger–Congo languages, all of which belong to the Ijoid branch of the Niger–Congo tree. The primary division between the Ijo languages is that between Eastern Ijo and Western Ijo, the most important of the former group of languages being Izon, which is spoken by about five million people.

There are two prominent groupings of the Izon language. The first, termed either Western or Central Izon (Ijaw) consists of Western Ijaw speakers: Tuomo Clan, Ekeremor, Sagbama (Mein), Bassan, Apoi, Arogbo, Boma (Bumo), Kabo (Kabuowei), Ogboin, Tarakiri, and Kolokuma-Opokuma.[citation needed] Nembe, Brass and Akassa (Akaha) dialects represent Southeast Ijo (Izon).[citation needed]. Buseni and Okordia dialects are considered Inland Ijo.

The other major Ijaw linguistic group is Kalabari. Kalabari is considered an Eastern Ijaw language but the term “Eastern Ijaw” is not the normal nomenclature. Kalabari is the name of one of the Ijaw clans that reside on the eastern side of the Niger-Delta (Abonnema, Buguma, Bakana, Degema etc.) who form a major group in Rivers State, Other “Eastern” Ijaw clans are the Andoni, Okrika, Ibani (the natives of Bonny, Finima and Opobo) and Nkoroo. They are neighbours to the Kalabari people in present-day Rivers State, Nigeria.

Other related Ijaw subgroups which have distinct languages but very close kinship, cultural and territorial ties with the rest of the Ijaw are the Epie-Atissa, Engenni (also known as Ẹgẹnẹ), and Degema (also called Udekama or Udekaama).[6] The Ogbia clan, as well as residents of Bukuma and Abuloma (Obulom).[citation needed]

It was discovered in the 1980s that a now extinct Berbice Creole Dutch, spoken in Guyana, is partly based on Ijo lexicon and grammar. Its nearest relative seems to be Eastern Ijo, most likely Kalabari (Kouwenberg 1994).

Bayelsa State Clans

The Ijaw ethnic group consists of 50 loosely affiliated clans. These clans are based along kinship lines and/or shared cultural and religious traditions.

Name State Alternate Names
Akassa Bayelsa Akaha, Akasa
Andoni Rivers/Akwa Ibom
Apoi (Eastern) Bayelsa
Apoi (Western) Ondo
Arogbo Ondo
Bassan Bayelsa Basan
Bille Rivers Bile, Bili
Bumo Bayelsa Boma, Bomo
Bonny Rivers Ibani, Uban
Buseni Bayelsa Biseni
Egbema Delta/Edo
Operemor Delta/Bayelsa Operemor, Ekeremo,Ojobo
Ekpetiama Bayelsa
Engenni Rivers Ngeni
Epie-Atissa Bayelsa
Furupagha Edo/ Ondo
Gbaranmatu Delta Gbaranmatu
Gbaran Bayelsa Gbarain
Iduwini Bayelsa/Delta
Isaba Delta
Kabo Delta Kabowei, Kabou
Kalabari Rivers
Kolokuma Bayelsa
Kou Bayelsa
Kula Rivers
Kumbo Delta Kumbowei
Mein Delta/Bayelsa
Nembe Bayelsa
Nkoro Rivers Kala Kirika
Obotebe Delta
Odimodi Delta
Ogbe Delta Ogbe-Ijoh
Ogbia Bayelsa
Ogboin Bayelsa
Ogulagha Delta Ogula
Okordia Bayelsa Okodia, Akita
Okrika Rivers Wakirike
Olodiama (East) Bayelsa
Olodiama (West) Edo
Opobo Rivers
Opokuma Bayelsa
Oporoma Bayelsa Oporomo
Oruma Bayelsa Tugbene
Oyakiri Bayelsa Beni
Seimbiri Delta
Tarakiri (East) Bayelsa
Tarakiri (West) Delta
Tungbo Bayelsa
Tuomo Delta / Bayelsa T.T Clan
Ukomu Edo
Zarama Bayelsa

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History of Adamawa State, Nigeria



History Of Adamawa State : Full Geographical map,Culture & Tribe| Local Goverment Historical background | languages and People. “Full Details”



History Of Adamawa State | Most People  Need A Repeatable Information That  Can Enhance Their  knowledge ( whenever They wants) If You Are Indicated Then Is Page Is What you Need, Our Comprehensive Guide Will Educates And Teach You About The History Adamawa State. Just Take a Deep Breath And Relax Focus On This Article If You Can Do So, You Will End Up Having A Versatile Understanding…. If You Are Ready Let’s Proceed On The  Facts About Adamawa State.

History Of Adamawa State: Full Geographical map,Culture & Tribe| Local Government Historical background | languages and People. “Full Details”



Adamawa State Mountain

Facts About Adamawa State

Adamawa State is one of the largest states and occupies about 36,917 square kilometres. It is bordered by the states of Borno to the northwest, Gombe to the west and Taraba to the southwest. Its eastern border also forms the national eastern border with Cameroon. Topographically, it is a mountainous land crossed by the large river valleys – Benue, Gongola and Yedsarem. The valleys of Cameroon, Mandara and Adamawa mountains form part of the landscape.

Adamawa is a state in northeastern Nigeria, with its capital at Yola. It was formed in 1991 from part of Gongola State with four administrative divisions namely: Adamawa, Ganye, Mubi and Numan. It is one of the thirty-six (36) States which constitute the Federal Republic of Nigeria.

The major occupation of the people is farming as reflected in their two notable vegetational zones, tile Sub-Sudan and Northern Guinea Savannah Zone. Their cash crops are cotton and groundnuts while food crops include maize, yam, cassava, guinea corn, millet and rice. The village communities living on the banks of the rivers engage in fishing while the Fulanis are cattle rearers. The state has network of roads linking all parts of the country.

The development of many communities in the State can be traced to the colonial era when the Germans ruled the Ganye area in the 19th century. These were however forfeited to the British at the end of the scramble for Africa at the Berlin.

On May 14, 2013, President Goodluck Jonathan declared a state of emergency in Adamawa State, along with neighboring Borno State and Yobe State, due to the activities of Boko Haram.

History Of Adamawa State.


Main article: Adamawa Emirate

Before it became a state in Nigeria, Adamawa was a subordinate kingdom of the Sultanate of Sokoto which also included much of northern Cameroon. The rulers bear the title of emir (“lamido” in the local language, Fulfulde).

The name “Adamawa” came from the founder of the kingdom, Modibo Adama, a regional leader of the Fulani Jihad organized by Usman dan Fodio of Sokoto in 1804. Modibo Adama came from the region of Gurin (now just a small village) and in 1806, received a green flag for leading the jihad in his native country. In the following years, Adama conquered many lands and tribes. In 1838, he moved his capital to Ribadu, and in 1839, to Joboliwo. In 1841, he founded Yola, where he died in 1848. After the European colonization (first by Germany and then by Britain), the rulers remained as emirs and the line of succession has continued to the present day.

Adamawa was created out of Gongola State on 27th August, 1991 as one of the nine new states created by the Federal Military Government. It is located in the North Eastern part of the country. Prior to its creation in 1991, it was part of the North Eastern StateS from 1967 to February 1976 and Gongola State 1976 – 1991.

Emirs of Adamawa State

Modibbo Adama ben Hassan, 1809–1848
Lawalu ben Adama, 1848–1872 (son of the previous)

Sanda ben Adama, 1872–1890 (brother of the previous)

Zubayru ben Adama, 1890–1901 (brother of the previous)

Bobbo Ahmadu ben Adama, 1901–1909 (brother of the previous)

Iya ben Sanda, 1909–1910 (son of Sanda ben Adama)

Muhammadu Abba, 1910–1924 (son of Bobbo Ahmadu ben Adama)

Muhammadu Bello ben Ahmadu ben Hamidu ben Adamu, 1924–1928

Mustafa ben Muhammadu Abba, 1928–1946 (son of Muhammadu Abba)

Ahmadu ben Muhammadu Bello, 1946–1953

Aliyu Mustafa, 1953–2010

Muhammadu Barkindo Aliyu Musdafa, 2011–present


Adamawa State Full Geographical map



Adamawa State Full Geographical map


Adamawa State Tribes and cultures

Tribes in Adamawa state

Kanuri Tribe

The Kanuri tribe in Adamawa state is almost as the Hausa and Fulani tribes in the state. The Kanuri people have their roots in Bornu state. In pre-colonial days, the Kanuri people were a key part of the ancient Bornu-Kamem Empire. They were war gallant horse-men and were in charge of the horses in the ancient empire.

The Kanuris are predominantly Muslims and have farming as their major occupation. Millet, maize, and rice are staples in this tribe.

Babur Tribe

It is believed that indigenes of the Babur tribe moved to present day Adamawa from Yemen through Sudan and the Sahara desert. The Babur people in Adamawa are resident majorly in Gombi local government area. Although the average Nigerian believes the Babur people speak Hausa language. However, their language is described as Afro-Asiatic, Biu-Mandara and Chadic and is not Hausa language.

Babur people are easily identified by their intonation and independence. Also, they eat shaptang ka dana, taraku and kavila. They are predominantly Muslims and are known for their Arabian like robes and turbans.

Fulani Tribe

People from the Fulani tribe are easily identified by people of other Nigerian tribes because they are known for cattle rearing. Although this is not their only cultural heritage, it is a major part of their culture. Apart from the fact that the Fulani people rear cattle, not much is known about them.

The Fulanis have a lot in common with the Hausas, it is believed that this people are migrants from the Middle East. They are probably the first tribe in Nigeria to come in contact with Islam. They are also responsible for the spread of Islam is the northern part of Nigeria. Although not all Fulanis are nomads, most people believe that they all are.

Fulani men are known to put on flowing gowns known as Babban riga while Fulani women tie wrappers on blouse. Meals made from millet, rice and maize are a staple in this tribe.


Bachama Tribe

The Bachama people are also known as Bwatiyes. They are a people that are found majorly in Lamurde in Adamawa state. It is not exactly known where the Bachama people migrated from. However, their origin is strongly linked to Sokoto. The Bachama tribe remains one of the few unconquered tribes after the invasion by the Fulani Jihadists.

Before contact with Islam, the Bachama tribe had shrines just like most other tribes in Africa. However, after contact with Islam, some of them now practice Islam but the majority of the Bachama tribe are Christians. Farming and fishing are their major occupations.

The people of Bachama have a variety of meals. Food is one thing this tribe possesses in ample quantity. The most common foods eaten by this people are millet, rice, maize and sorghum. Bachama men put on long flowing gowns called babban riga while women from this tribe put on blouses and abaya. Usually, they cover their heads with hijabs.

Banso Tribe

The Banso tribe was originally known as the Nso until they were conquered by the Fulanis in the 17th century. The Banso tribe can be found in both Nigeria and Cameroon. In Nigeria, they are found in the Sauduna local government area. Although they are northerners, they do not speak the Hausa language. They speak a language called Lamnso which is however similar to the Hausa language.

The Baso people are regarded as very ‘diabolic’ and are very well known for their magical powers. Islam is the major religion practiced by this people. Banso tribe has farming as its major occupation.

Just like other tribes in northern Nigeria, the Banso people eat maize, millet and rice. Their men put on Baban riga ahile the women tie wrappers on blouses and cover their heads with hijabs.

Gombi Tribe

Gombi doubles as both a tribe and a local government area in Adamawa state. People of this tribe are into farming and trading. The religion practiced by this tribe is mostly idol worshipping. Although very few of them are Muslims. The home of the Gombi people has been under attack by members of the Boko Haram sect in recent times. As a result of this, present day Gombi is unoccupied.

The Gombi people have a lot in common with their Hausa neighbors. They feed on maize, millet and rice. Also their men put own flowing gowns known as Baban riga while their women tie wrappers on blouses and also cover their heads with hijabs.


Koma Tribe

The Koma tribe is a primitive tribe. People from Koma occupy the Atlantika Mountains. This tribe is made up of 11 villages. Koma in present day Nigeria is located in Jada local government area. The Koma people speak the Koma language and have a population 61,000.Men from Koma put on loincloths while women put on fresh leaves


Gude Tribe

The Gude people are found in present day Mubi in Adamawa state. This tribe is one of the many tribes in Northern Nigeria that has been under serious attacks by Boko Haram terrorists. The Gude people are mostly cattle rearers. Also, Islam is the major religion that is practiced by members of this tribe.

Men from Gude put on flowing gowns that are called Baban riga and occasionally cover their heads with caps. Women from this tribe tie wrappers on blouses and also cover their heads with hijabs.

Food eaten by people of this tribe include maize, sorghum, millet and rice. Due to the fact that this tribe practices Islam, most of their ancient traditions have been completely replaced by Islamic customs.

Gudu Tribe

The Gudu people can be found in the Song local government area in present day Adamawa state. They speak an Afro-Asiatic language known as Gudu. There are about 10,000 Gudu people living in Nigeria. There are also some Gudu people living in Cameroon. The mode of dressing of this people is very similar to that of the Fulani and Hausa. Women from this tribe put on blouses covered by wrappers and also cover their heads with hijabs. Men from this tribe put on flowing gowns called Babban riga and occasionally cover their heads with caps. Meals consumed by the Gudu people are usually made from millet, maize and rice.

The people of Gudu are mostly farmers and predominantly Muslims.


Bata Tribe

The Bata people occupy Mubi, Song and Numan local government areas in Adamawa state. An afro-asiatic language with many dialects is spoken by the Bata tribe. Just very few people from Bata have left their place of origin. As a result of this, not very much is known about the people of Bata except the fact that they are predominantly Muslims and practice farming and cattle rearing.

The people of Bata share a lot with their northern neighbors. Their men put own flowing gowns while the women tie wrappers on blouses and cover their heads with hijabs. Also meals are made from millet, maize and rice.


Baya Tribe

The Baya people are known for putting up resistance to the French. They have their origin in Adamawa state. However, they are also found in Cameroon, Central African Republic and the Republic of Congo.

The people of this tribe are predominantly Christians. However, witchcraft is still very widely practiced in this tribe. Men from Baya put on flowing gowns while women tie wrappers on blouses and cover their heads with hijabs.

Farming is the main occupation that is practiced by people of this tribe. They cultivate maize, yam, tobacco, rice, and coffee. Also, the Baya people are known for their knife throwing skills.


Bille Tribe

Bille is both a tribe as well as a town in North-east Nigeria. Bille is located about 11 miles from the road that leads to Jalingo. The language that is spoken by this tribe is called “Bille.” It was named after the tribe.

The people of Bille are known for farming, and the making of baskets and calabashes. Also, Christianity is the predominant religion in this tribe. Dressing by people of this tribe is just like that of most norther tribes. The men put on flowing gowns that are known as Babban riga while the women tie wrappers on blouses and cover their heads with hijabs.


Botlere Tribe

There is no much information about the origin of this tribe. However, the people of this tribe are found in Adamawa and speak Hausa. The people of Botlere are majorly farmers and practice Christianity.

Men from Botlere put on flowing gowns while women tie wrappers on blouses and also cover their heads with hijabs. Food eaten by the Botlere people is usually made with with maize, millet and rice.


Bura Tribe

The Bura peple are found in Gombi local government area in Adamawa state. Until very recently, the Bura tribe had a very strong tribe with a rich cultural identity among tribes in Adamawa state . However, there seems to be a rapid disappearance of the traditions and culture of the Bura tribe. The Bura people are neighbors with the Hausas and seem to have adopted the Hausa way of life.

Islam is the predominant religion that is practiced by people of this tribe. Also, farming is the major occupation of the Bura tribe. Men from Bura put on flowing gowns while women tie wrappers on blouses and also cover their heads with hijabs.


Daka Tribe

The Daka people of Adamawa State are one with the Daka tribe that is found in Cameroon. The Daka people are skilled artists. Their sculpture and many metal works speak volume of the skills of this people. The Daka people are neither Muslims nor Christians. They practice a religion called Chamba.

The Daka people dress just like the Fulanis and Hausas. Men from Daka put on flowing gowns while their women tie wrappers on blouses and cover their heads with hijabs.


Daba Tribe

The Daba people in Nigeria are a minority when compared to the Daba people that are found in Cameroon. They are predominantly Muslims and engage majorly in farming. The language spoken by this tribe is called the Daba language.

Daba women put on blouses and wrappers and cover their heads with hijab. Men from Daba put on flowing gowns called Babban riga. Meals eaten by the Daba tribe are usually made from millet and sorghum.

Fyer Tribe

The Fyer tribe is one of the many tribes in Adamawa state. There are about 50,000 indegenes of this tribe. The Fyer people are farmers and speak a language called Fie. Also, they are predominantly traditionalists.

Fyer men dress like other northern men, they put on flowing gowns while their women tie wrappers on blouses and cover their heads with hijabs.

Meals eaten by this people are usually made from millet, maize and sorghum.


Gombi Tribe

Gombi is both a tribe and a local government area in Adamawa state. Not much is known about their history. However, this tribe has a lot in common with other neighboring tribes.

Farming is the main occupation of this people while Islam is the predominant religion. Men from this tribe put on Babban riga while women tie wrappers on blouses and cover their heads with hijabs.

more Tribes in Adamawa state


Gwa Tribe

The Gwa tribe is one of the many unknown tribes in Northern Nigeria. They are Muslims and practice farming as an occupation. The people of this tribe have adopted the Hausa way of life in their dressing and food.


Gudu Tribe

The people of Gudu speak an afro-asiatic language that is known as Gudu. They occupy Song local government area of Adamawa state. The tradition of the Gudu people is very much influenced by Islam. Women and men from this tribe dress like average northerners. Farming and cattle rearing are the major occupations of this people.

Maize, rice and millet are staples that are eaten by people from Gudu.


Gude Tribe

The Gude people live in Mubi town. They speak a language called Gude and have the Fali and Nzanyi people as their neighbors.

Islam is the major religion of the Gude tribe while farming is the generally practiced occupation. Gude women and men have adopted the general Hausa way of dressing and feeding.


Gira Tribe

The Gira people of Adamawa are very similar to the Hausas in their way of life. They are Muslims, they practice farming and also dress like their Hausa neighbours. Meals that are made from maize, millet, sorghum and rice are the basic foods the people of Gira feed on.


Gizigz Tribe

Gizigz tribe is a minority tribe in Adamawa state. The people of this tribe have not mixed up much with the outside world. As a result of this, their way of life is basically affected by their religion, Islam.

Men from Gizigz put on flowing gowns while women tie wrappers on blouses and cover their heads with hijabs.

Farming is the major occupation of this tribe while meals are made from maize and millet.


Hausa Tribe

The Hausa tribe is one of the major tribes in Nigeria and also the whole of West Africa. The Hausa people are known by every average Nigeria. Although the Hausas have been in the corridors of political power since independence, no body from this tribe has been president of Nigeria. The Hausa tribe is characterized by a rich minority and a poor majority. As a result of this, the poor majority are known to look up to the rich minority for some basic every day necessities.

The Hausa tribe occupies the region of Nigeria with extreme whether conditions. They are farmers and also traders. Islam is the major religion of the Hausa people. Apart from the Fulani tribe, the Hausa tribe is also responsible for the spread and establishment of Islam in Nigeria. Men from this tribe are known to put on flowing gowns that are known as Babban riga, this is most times accompanied by a cap. Women from the Hausa tribe tie wrapper on blouse and usually cover their heads with hijabs. Of all the tribes in Adamawa state, the Hausa people are probably the most popular.


Bali Tribe

The Bali tribe has a population of about 2000 people, they speak the Bali language. The Bali people are found in Numan, Mayo Belwa and Demsa local government areas. Their major occupations are farming, cattle rearing and trading.

The Bali people claim to have migrated to Nigeria from the Republic of Congo. They settled in areas close to Lake Chad before finally moving into their present location.


Adamawa State local government areas

There are 21 local government areas (LGAs):























Adamawa state Lists Of Languages.

There are 58 languages spoken as first languages in Adamawa State. Major languages of Adamawa State are Bacama/Bata (Bwatiye), Bura-Pabir, Fulfulde, Huba (Kilba), Longuda, Mumuye and Samba Daka. Most other languages in Adamawa State are extremely small and endangered minority languages, due to the influence of Hausa and Fulfulde. Holma is reported to be dying out.

Adamawa state Languages Local Government Area


  • Numan and Guyuk LGA’s Speaks ⇔ Ziziliveken Bacama


  • Numan LGA Speaks ⇔ Ziziliveken Bali


  • Numan, Song, Fufore, and Mubi LGA’s  Speaks ⇔ Ziziliveken Bata


  • Guyuk, Gombi, and Song LGA’s  Speaks ⇔ Ziziliveken Bena


  • Numan LGA Speaks ⇔ Ziziliveken Bile


  • Gombi LGA Speaks ⇔ Ziziliveken Boga


  • Gombi LGA Speaks ⇔ Ziziliveken Bura-Pabir 


  • Mubi LGA Speaks ⇔ Ziziliveken Daba


  • Numan LGA Speaks ⇔ Ziziliveken Dadiya


  • Guyuk LGA Speaks ⇔ Ziziliveken Dera


  • Numan LGA  Speaks ⇔ Ziziliveken Dijim-Bwilim


  • Mayo-Belwa LGA Speaks ⇔ ZizilivekenDong


  • Numan LGA Speaks ⇔ Ziziliveken Dza


  • Mubi and Michika LGA’s Speaks ⇔ Ziziliveken Fali


  • center in Yola Speaks ⇔ Ziziliveken Fulfulde


  • Ganye LGA  Speaks ⇔ Ziziliveken Gaa


  • Gombi LGA. Some also in Song, Guyuk, and Mubi LGA’s Speaks ⇔ Ziziliveken Ga’anda


  • Mayo-Belwa and Fufore LGA’s Speaks ⇔ Ziziliveken Gengle


  • Michika LGA  ⇔ Gevoko


  • Mubi LGA Speaks ⇔ Ziziliveken  Gude


  • Song LGA Speaks ⇔ Ziziliveken  Gudu


  • Michika LGA Speaks ⇔ Ziziliveken  Higgi


  • Spoken north of Sorau on the Cameroon border Speaks ⇔ Ziziliveken  Holma


  • Hong, Maiha, Gombi, and Mubi LGA’s Speaks ⇔ Ziziliveken  Huba


  • Gombi LGA, and some in Song and Hong LGA’s Speaks ⇔ Ziziliveken  Hwana


  • Shellen, Song, and Numan LGA’s Speaks ⇔ Ziziliveken Kaan


  • Michika LGA, in the Mandara Mts Speaks ⇔ Ziziliveken Kamwe


  • Song LGA Speaks ⇔ Ziziliveken Kofa


  • anye and Fufore LGA’s Speaks ⇔ Ziziliveken Koma


  • Numan LGA Speaks ⇔ Ziziliveken Kpasham


  • Fufore LGA Speaks ⇔ Ziziliveken Kugama


  • Mayo-Belwa and Fufore LGA’s Speaks ⇔ Ziziliveken Kumba


  • Numan LGA Speaks ⇔ Ziziliveken Kwa


  • Yola LGA Speaks ⇔ Ziziliveken  Laka


  • Gombi LGA Speaks ⇔ Ziziliveken Lala-Roba  


  • Adamawa State Speaks ⇔ Ziziliveken Lamang


  • Mayo Belwa LGA Speaks ⇔ Ziziliveken Lamja-Dengsa-Tola


  • Guyuk LGA Speaks Speaks Speaks ⇔ Ziziliveken Ziziliveken Ziziliveken Longuda


  • Mubi and Michika LGA’s Speaks Speaks ⇔ Ziziliveken Ziziliveken Marghi


  • Song, Fufore, and Gombi LGA’s Speaks ⇔ Ziziliveken Mboi


  • Numan, Guyuk, Song, and Demsa LGA’s Speaks ⇔ Ziziliveken Mbula-Bwazza


  • Yola and Fufore LGA’s, Verre hills Speaks ⇔ Ziziliveken Mom Jango


  • Ganye, Fufore, Yola, Numan, and Mayo Belwa LGA’s Speaks ⇔ Ziziliveken Mumuye


  • Gombi and Hong LGA’s Speaks ⇔ Ziziliveken Ngwaba


  • Mayo Belwa LGA Speaks ⇔ Ziziliveken Nyong


  • Maiha LGA Speaks ⇔ Ziziliveken Nzanyi


  • Ganye LGA Speaks ⇔ Ziziliveken Peere


  • north and east of Michika, south of Madagali, in the Mandara Mts Speaks ⇔ Ziziliveken Psikye


  • Ganye and Mayo Belwa LGA’s Speaks ⇔ Ziziliveken Samba Daka


  • Michika LGA Speaks ⇔ Ziziliveken Sukur


  • Mayo Belwa LGA, along the banks of the Mayo Belwa River Speaks ⇔ Ziziliveken Teme


  • Numan LGA Speaks ⇔ ZizilivekenTso


  • Michika LGA, Madagali district Speaks ⇔ Ziziliveken Vemgo-Mabas


  • Michika LGA Speaks ⇔ ZizilivekenWaja


  • Fufore LGA Speaks ⇔ Ziziliveken Wom


  • Michika LGA Speaks ⇔ ZizilivekenXedi


  • Mayo Belwa and Numan LGA’s Speaks ⇔ ZizilivekenYendang


  • Mubi LGA, Jilvu village, Speaks ⇔ Ziziliveken


This Is How Far We Can Go On This Topic>>   Adamawa State History << We Hope This Page Is Educating And Understandable. these Are Several factors On The History Of Adamawa State. We Believe With a Tremendous Conviction that those Who Go Through This Article  have acquire Some Knowledge.

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History of Bauchi State, Nigeria



History Of Bauchi State Culture & Festival | Local Government Areas


History Of Bauchi State….History Of Bauchi State Culture & Festival, Local Government Areas| Full Geographical Map, Languages and Population. “Full Details”



Overview of Bauchi State

Bauchi, usually referred to as Bauchi State to distinguish it from the city of Bauchi, is a state in northern Nigeria. Its capital is the city of Bauchi. The state was formed in 1976 when the former North-Eastern State was broken up. It originally included the area now in Gombe State, which became a distinct state in 1996.

The Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University is located in the capital city Bauchi. Other educational institutions located in the state include Bauchi State University and Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi. Let’s Go Down To History.


History Of Bauchi State Culture & Festival, Local Government Areas| Full Geographical Map, Languages and Population.


History Of Bauchi State

With a population about 4,653,066.according to the 2006 census, Bauchi state has gone through a tremendous transformation since it was created. During the colonial era up to independence, it formed part of the Bauchi-Plateau of the then Northern Region, until the 1967 state creation exercise, when the Bauchi, Borno, and Adamawa provinces constituted the former North-Eastern State.

With the creation of Bauchi state in 1976, then comprising present Bauchi and Gombe states, it included 16 Local Government Areas. The number of Local Government Areas in the then Bauchi state was increased to 20 and later to 23. However, in 1997 when Gombe state was created out of Bauchi and additional local governments were created in the country, Bauchi state was left with 20 Local Government Areas as shown below.

Bauchi State is located between latitudes 9° 3′ and 12° 3′ north of the equator with a total land area of 49,119 km² representing about 5.3% of Nigeria’s total land mass. The state is bordered by seven states; namely Kano and Jigawa to the north, Taraba and Plateau to the south, Gombe and Yobe to the east and Kaduna to the west.

Bauchi state has two distinctive vegetation zones, namely, the Sudan Savannah and the Sahel Savannah. Sudan savannah vegetation covers the southern part of Bauchi state where the vegetation gets richer and richer towards the south, especially along water sources or rivers, but generally, the vegetation is less uniform and grasses are shorter than what grows even farther south, that is, in the forest zone of the middle belt.

Sahel type of the savannah, which is also known as the semi-desert vegetation, becomes manifest from the middle of the state as one moves from the state’s south to its north. This type of vegetation comprises isolated stands of thorny shrubs. On the other hand, the southwestern part of the state is mountainous as a result of the continuation of the Jos Plateau, while the northern part is generally sandy
Bauchi is a city in northeast Nigeria, the capital of Bauchi State, of the Bauchi Local Government Area within that State, and of the traditional Bauchi Emirate. It is located on the northern edge of the Jos Plateau, at an elevation of 616 m. The city has a population of 316,173 (2004). The Local Government Area covers an area of 3,687 km2 and had a population of 493,810 at the time of the 2006 Census.

The city was founded by Yaqub ibn Dadi, the only non-Fulani flag-bearer of the Sokoto Empire. The name was derived from a hunter called Baushe, who advised Yaqub to build his city west of the Warinje Mountain. In return Yaqub promised to name his city after the hunter. Abubakar Tafawa Balewa is buried in the city, while the Yankari National Park is 110 KM from the state capital. The city lies on the Port Harcourt – Maiduguri railway line. The Bauchi State Library Board was established-in-1976.

Bauchi state is a heterogeneous state, with predominant tribes like, Hausa, Fulani, Jarawa, Tangale, Waja, Balewa, Sayawa and Tarewa. It is made up of 20 local government areas, namely: Bauchi, Tafawa Balewa, Bogoro, Katagum, Alkaleri, Dambam, Giade, Ganjuwa, Darazo, Dass, Ningi, Shira, Gamawa, Itas/Gadau, Jam’are, Kirfi, Toro, Warji, Zaki, Misau.

Bauchi state is an agricultural state. Its vast fertile soil is an added advantage for agricultural products, which include maize, rice, millet, groundnut and guinea corn. Irrigation fanning is practiced and supported by the use of dams like Balanga dam, etc. Cattle and other livestock are also reared in the state.

The state has industries like the Bazamri PVC – Wire Limited, Kuda Nails Factory, Yankari Natural Water Company, Zaki Flour Mills and Arewa Ceramic Industry and others. let’s Quickly See the Local Government Areas .

History Of Bauchi State Culture & Festival, Local Government Areas| Full Geographical Map, Languages and Population.

 Bauchi State Culture & Festival


Bauchi State Culture & Festival

Nigerians know Bauchi as the Home Of Peace & Hospitality – and that is what it is. Over the years, Bauchi State has been able to produce some of the best tourist sites in the country. We have taken out time to see what the people of Bauchi are famous for and it may interest you to know about some of our findings.

The traditional Wresting and Boxing

Wresting and boxing have become a famous event that attracts a lot of people to the state. Interestingly, you’ll also find people from other African countries like Cameroon, Chad and Niger state coming out here to participate in the events. The boxing is known as Dambe while Kokowa is the traditional wresting.

Bauchi State Festival of Arts and Culture (BAFEST)


Bauchi State Festival of Arts and Culture (BAFEST)

The Bauchi State Festival of Arts and Culture (BAFEST) is a great festival that is well attended every year by many people. This event is set up to showcase the rich cultural heritage specific to the different local government areas in the state. It always makes for an exhilarating experience.

Fashion Sense


Fashion Sense

Babanriga is already a popular type of gown that has spread across the country. This style originated from Bauchi and they are famed for the pretty embroidered gowns and the accompanying caps. Also, the interior design industry is great here with its leather works, pottery, agricultural tools and metal works. You can buy some of these items at a very low cost compared to what you can get from any showroom in the country.Durbar Festival
The Durbar festival is popular for the horse racing that happens at the event. The parades of beautifully decorated horses that are seen from the Eid prayer ground down to the traditional ruler’s palace just stokes your anticipation for the main race that happens at the event. You’ll get to see the horsemen display some incredible moves that would make the experience worth your while.

Kyaro War Dance


Kyaro War Dance

This war dance is sure to impress you because of the way that the dance is performed. Any one who has witnessed this dance will always be eager to come back to see it again.

These are some of the events and activities that butress the point of Bauchi State being an amazing place to visit during your vacation. Be sure to schedule your next vacation to Bauchi such that you can get to witness or experience some of these events.


 Bauchi State Local Government Areas

Bauchi State consists of twent{20} Local Government Areas (LGAs). They are:

LGA Area (km2) Census 2006
Administrative capital Postal
Bauchi 3,687 493,810 Bauchi 740
Tafawa Balewa 2,515 219,988 Bununu 740
Dass 535 89,943 Dass 740
Toro 6,932 350,404 Toro 740
Bogoro 894 84,215 Bogoro 741
Ningi 4,625 387,192 Ningi 742
Warji 625 114,720 Warji 742
Ganjuwa 5,059 280,468 Kafin Madaki 742
Kirfi 2,371 147,618 Kirfi 743
Alkaleri 5,918 329,424 Alkaleri 743
Southern region totals 33,161 2,497,782
Darazo 3,015 251,597 Darazo 750
Misau 1,226 263,487 Misau 750
Giade 668 156,969 Giade 750
Shira 1,321 234,014 Yana 750
Jama’are 493 117,883 Jama’are 751
Katagum 1,436 295,970 Azare 751
Itas/Gadau 1,398 229,996 Itas 751
Zaki 1,476 191,457 Katagum 752
Gamawa 2,925 286,388 Gamawa 752
Damban 1,077 150,922 Damban 752
Northern region totals 15,035 2,178,683

Bauchi State consists Which of twenty Local Government Areas, Census 2006
population, Administrative capital, and  Postal
code. We are Now Proceeding to The Full Geographical Map, if You AreReady Let’s Look Into it.

Bauchi State Full Geographical Map

Below we display the facility for you to find Bauchi on the map. If for any reason this is not displaying the correct map location then please inform us





Bauchi State has a total of 55 tribal groups in which Gerawa, Sayawa, Jarawa, Kirfawa, Turawa Bolewa, Karekare, Kanuri, Fa’awa, Butawa, Warjawa, Zulawa, Boyawa MBadawa, Hausa and Fulani are the main tribes. This means that they have backgrounds, occupational patterns, beliefs and many other things that form part of the existence of the people of the state.

There are cultural similarities in the people’s language, occupational practices, festivals, dress and there is a high degree of ethnic interaction especially in marriage and economic existence. Some of the ethnic groups have joking relationships that exist between them, e.g. Fulani and Kanuri, Jarawa and Sayawa, etc..

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History of Benue State, Nigeria



History Of Benue State Culture & People. “Full Review”


History Of Benue State …History Of Benue State Culture & People, Local Government Areas | Natural Resources,Tourism and Recreation. 


          History Of Benue State

Facts About Benue State

Benue State is named after the Benue River and was formed from the former Benue-Plateau State in 1976, along with Igala and some part of Kwara State. In 1991 some areas of Benue state (mostly Igala area), along with areas in Kwara State, were carved out to become part of the new Kogi State. Igbo people are found in the boundary areas of Ebonyi State and Enugu State in local government areas like the Obi, Oju etc.

Benue State is one of the Middle Belt states in Nigeria with a population of about 4,253,641 in 2006 census. It is inhabited predominantly by the Tiv, Idoma and Igede peoples, who speak Tiv, Idoma, and Igede languages respectively. The Tivs comprise the Etulos while the Idomas comprise the Ufia’s (Utonkon) to Orokam at the west border of the state. There are other ethnic groups, including the Etulo, Abakwa,[3] Jukun, Hausa, Igbo, Igala people, Akweya and Nyifon. With its capital at Makurdi, Benue is a rich agricultural region; popularly grown crops includes; potatoes, cassava, soya bean, guinea corn, flax, yams, sesame, rice, and groundnuts, Palm Tree.

There are about four colleges of Education which are Federal College of Education Agasha, College of Education Oju, College of Education Kastina Ala. Benue State as it exists today is a surviving legacy of an administrative entity which was carved out of the protectorate of northern Nigeria at the beginning of the twentieth century. The territory was initially known as Munshi Province until 1918 when the name of its dominant geographical feature, the ‘Benue River’ was adopted.
Benue state has three universities: Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Benue State University, Makurdi, and University of Mkar, Mkar, Gboko. It has two polytechnics: Benue State Polytechnic, Ugbokolo and Fidei polytechnic, Gboko as well as the Akperan Orshi college of Agriculture Yandev. These are Some Factors About Benue State and it’s Comprehensive Information. Below are Benue State Historical Background, Notable factors Worthy of Consideration.




Benue State Historical Background

As an administrative unit, Benue State was first created on February 3, 1976. It was one of the seven states created by the military administration headed by the late General Murtala Mohammed, which increased the number of states in the country from 13 to 19. In 1991 its boundaries were adjusted with the creation of Kogi State. The new Benue State of today has twenty (23) local government areas, which are administered by local government councils.

At creation, the state comprised three local governments in the Tiv-speaking areas, namely Gboko, Katsina-Ala, and Makurdi; one (Otukpo) in the Idoma-speaking areas and three (Ankpa, Idah and Dekina) in the Igala-speaking areas, which were excised from Kwara state.

Benue State as it exists today is a surviving legacy of an administrative entity which was carved out of the protectorate of northern Nigeria at the beginning of the twentieth century. The territory was initially known as Munshi Province until 1918 when the name of its dominant geographical feature, the ‘River Benue’ was adopted.

Today, however, with the creation of more states and local governments in 1991, the Igala-speaking local govrnments were excised to form part of the present Kogi state. Presently, benue has twenty-three local governments, with the Tiv speaking area having fourteen while the Idoma-Igede area.

History Of Benue State …History Of Benue State Culture & People, Local Government Areas | Natural Resources,Tourism and Recreation. 


Benue State culture and People

Benue State culture and People 

The state is populated by several ethnic groups: Tiv, Idoma, Igede, Etulo, Abakpa, Jukun, Hausa, Igbo, Akweya and Nyifon. The Tiv are the dominant ethnic group, occupying 14 local government areas with the Etulo and Jukun , while the Idoma, Igede, Igbo, Akweya and Nyifon occupy the remaining nine local government areas.

Most of the people are farmers while the inhabitants of the river areas engage in fishing as their primary or important secondary occupation. The people of the state are famous for their cheerful and hospitable disposition as well as rich cultural heritage.


Benue State culture and People

Benue State possesses a rich and diverse cultural heritage which finds expression in colourful cloths, exotic masquerades, supplicated music and dances. Traditional dances from Benue State have won acclaim at national and international cultural festivals. The most popular of these dances include Ingyough, Ange, Anchanakupa, Swange and Ogirinya among others.

The socio-religious festivals of the people, colourful dances, dresses and songs are also of tourist value. The Alekwu ancestral festival of the Idoma people, for instance, is an occasion when the local people believe their ancestors re-established contact with the living in the form of masquerades.

The lgede-Agba is a Yam Festival, marked every year in September by the lgede people of Oju and Obi local government areas. Among the Tiv, the Tiv Day, marriage ceremonies and dance competitions (e.g. Swange dance) are often very colourful. Kwagh-hir is a very entertaining Tiv puppet show.

Social life in Benue State is also enriched by the availability of diverse recreational facilities. Apart from parks, beaches, dancing and masquerades mentioned above, the big hotels in Makurdi, Gboko and Otukpo are equipped with several indoor sporting facilities. There are golf clubs, the Makurdi Club, Railway Club, Police Club and Air Force Club, where, apart from the sale of drinks and snacks, various types of games are played.


Benue State culture and People

There is a standard Arts Theatre, a modern Sports Complex which includes the Aper Aku Stadium, which has provisions for such games as tennis, basketball, volleyball and handball, an indoor sports hall and Olympic size swimming pool in Makurdi. A Smaller stadia exist in Gboko (J. S. Tarka Stadium), Katsina-Ala, Adikpo, Vandeikya and Otukpo. The BCC Lawn Tennis tournament attracts players from all over the country. Benue State has three teams in the professional soccer ranks, Lobi Stars F.C. in Division One, BCC Lions FCin Division Two, Mark mentors as the basketball premier league team.

History Of Benue State …History Of Benue State Culture & People, Local Government Areas | Natural Resources,Tourism and Recreation. 


Benue State Local Government Areas

Benue State consists of twenty-three (23) Local Government Areas. They are:

Local Government Area Headquarters
Ado Igumale
Agatu Obagaji
Apa Ugbokpo
Buruku Buruku
Gboko Gboko
Guma Gbajimba
Gwer East Aliade
Gwer West Naka
Katsina-Ala Katsina-Ala
Konshisha Tse-Agberagba
Kwande Adikpo
Logo Ugba
Makurdi Makurdi
Obi Obarike-Ito
Ogbadibo Otukpa
Ohimini Idekpa
Oju Anyuwogbu-ibilla
Okpokwu Okpoga
Otukpo Otukpo
Tarka Wannune
Ukum Sankera
Ushongo Lessel
Vandeikya Vandeikya

Benue State Natural Resources

Benue State is the nations acclaimed food basket because of its rich agricultural produce which include yams, rice, beans, cassava, potatoes, maize, soya beans, sorghum, millet and cocoyam. The state also accounts for over 70% of Nigeria’s soya bean production.

Agriculture is the mainstay of the economy, engaging over 75% of the state farming population. The State also boasts of one of the longest stretches of river systems in the country with great potential for a viable fishing industry, dry season farming through irrigation and for an inland water highway.

The vegetation of the southern parts of the state is characterized by forests, which yield trees for timber and provide a suitable habitat for rare animals. The state thus possesses potential for the development of viable forest and wildlife reserves.

Benue State Location

The state’s geographic location in the country is quite unique: it lies roughly in the middle of the country and shares boundaries with six other states: Nassarawa to the North, Taraba to the East, Kogi and Enugu states to the West and Ebonyi and Cross-River states to the South. It also shares ann international boundary with the Republic of Cameroun on the South-East.

Benue state has a landmass of 33,955 square kilometers and lies between Latitudes 6.5° and 8.5° North and Longitudes 7.47° N and 10 East.

Benue State Tourism and Recreation

Benue State possesses immense tourism potentials which are yet to be exploited. Since some of the tourist attractions are best selected by the tourist, Benue State in her bid to develop tourism embarked on infrastructural development necessary for the overall well being of the tourist. The options are still opened to foreign investors.

The programme of road development, hotels, postal, telephone and Email services, electricity, potable water, recreational facilities and the general hospitality of the people will eventually open up the state to tourists. An amusement park and Zoo have been developed at Makurdi. There is a wild life park at lkwe where a conference hall and chalets have been built to serve tourists. Tourist attractions in the state may be grouped into natural scenic, historical monuments and festivals.

Natural Attractions in Benue State include hills and ranges such as Ikyogen, Abande, Ngokur, Mkar, Ushongo and Harga. There is a heavily wooded natural trench at Tse-Mker which is believed to be inhabited by dangerous creatures including Pythons. Gurgul is a waterfall on Katsina Ala River. The border stretch adjoining the Obudu/South Cameroon Plateau ranges features a beautiful scenery of forests, dissected hills, Dykes, dozens of fast flowing streams and incised valleys. In the Dry season, the water level in both the Benue River and Katsina-Ala River falls, giving rise to beautiful sandy river beaches and clean shallow waters. The waters are excellent for recreational boating and swimming. At Orokam in Ogbadibo Local government areas, occurs the Enumabia Warm Spring.At Epwa-Ibilla, Andi-Ibilla, Uchenyum-Ibilla, Okochi-Uwokwu, Irachi-Uwokwu, Ette-Uda-Uwokwu, Odepa-Uwokwu, Igbegi-Ipinu-Uwokwu, Edde-Ibilla-Uwokwu, and Ohuma-Uwokwu of Oju, are springs of clean water. There are masses of unusually tall trees in the deep valleys and on the pretty steep highlands, which are all however inhabited.

Historical monuments in the state include the Royal Niger Company Trading Stores at Makurdi and Gbileve near Katsina-Ala; the tombs of the first Dutch missionaries at Harga and Sai in Katsina-Ala Local Government Areas; the tombs of the legendary politician, Mr. J. S. Tarka and past three Tor Tiv in Gboko town; and the trench fortifications in Turan district of Kwande local government areas which were dug by the Tiv to ward off Chamba invasions in the 19th century.

At Utonkon, is a thick forest with tall giant trees, the centre of which used to serve as a slave trade market, but is now the site of shrines and a periodic market. Swem is a shrine site at the foot of the Cameroon range in Kwande local government area from where the Tivs were said to have originated.

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